Testing network throughput with iperf


Have you ever wondered if that black box in your datacenter called the network is performing as well as it should be? Do you have random periods of time where normally fast processes seem to take forever, but the diagnostics on your servers all seem fine? What about validating the network performance back and forth to your disaster recovery site? Let’s go through how to check the network to make sure that all is well, or generate some objective repeatable tests that you can bring to your networking group and ask questions with.

I frequently mention a free utility that I use called iperf that you can use to validate your network performance. Several questions came up about where to get it and how to use it. Read on for a walk-through of how to use iperf!

You can download a compiled version of iperf3 for Windows for free at iperf.fr. Just download it into a folder of your choosing or place it somewhere in the system path so you can execute it from anywhere.

Using the tool is very straightforward. You need two copies of the utility on two different servers. From a command prompt, start up the server node by typing the following command.

iperf -s

That’s it! You just started up the server. We will refer to this as the target server.

On the second server, we will kick of a simple test from this server to the target server. We will call this server the source server. Enter the following command in a command prompt on the source server.

iperf -c (ip address or name of target server) -t 10 -P 10

This command just kicked off a ten second test with maximum throughput testing to the source server. The -P parameter is used to execute ten worker threads to fully fill the available bandwidth.

Of course, you can get more sophisticated with your testing at this point, but I keep it simple for most cases unless something unusual pops up.

The results look something like this.

iperf Server - Different Host
iperf Server – Different Host
iperf Client – Different Host

Sweet. 943 Mb per second is almost perfect on a gigabit network. Looks like my home lab is working properly  🙂

Now, if these are virtual machines, you can sometimes trigger internal network routing on the physical machine so that it never actually leaves the host. Check out these results!

iperf Server – Same VM Host
iperf Client – Same VM Host

Done! Isn’t that amazing? It’s a great performance optimization trick to pair VMs together that have high data transfer rate relationships. Both VMware vSphere and Microsoft Hyper-V have methods to pair VMs together on the same host. You can dramatically boost the performance of your large batch processing or data movements every day by doing this! (Just do not pair two nodes of an HA pair of application components, such as Availability Groups. You create a single point of failure by doing so!)

Please remember to test two-way communications by flipping the roles of the utilities. Occasionally, one-way communication problems can pop up!

Enjoy one of my favorite utilities, and validate your environments today!